The effect of the intrauterine contraceptive device on endometrial secretory function: a possible mode of action.
Seif MW., Aplin JD., Awad H., Wells D.
The effect of the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) on the composition of endometrial secretion has been studied using the monoclonal antibody D9B1. The antibody binds to a polypeptide-associated oligosaccharide epitope that is secreted by endometrial epithelium in the secretory phase with a maximum around the time of implantation. In endometria affected by the IUD in situ, a significant reduction in epitope expression has been observed using immunohistochemistry. This defect can occur against a background of normal secretory differentiation and in the expectation of normal ovarian stimulus. The data provide new insight into the contraceptive mechanisms of action of the IUD.