Effects of polyethylene glycol and a synthetic ice blocker during vitrification of immature porcine oocytes on survival and subsequent embryo development.
Santos ECDS., Somfai T., Appeltant R., Dang-Nguyen TQ., Noguchi J., Kaneko H., Kikuchi K.
We evaluated the effects of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and Supercool X-1000 (SC) as supplements during the vitrification of immature cumulus-enclosed porcine oocytes in a solution based on 17.5% ethylene glycol + 17.5% propylene glycol. After warming, the oocytes were subjected to in vitro maturation, fertilization and embryo culture. In Experiment 1, equilibration and vitrification solutions were supplemented with or without 2% (w/v) PEG (PEG+ and PEG-, respectively). The survival rate, cleavage and blastocyst development were similar between PEG+ and PEG- groups; however, all values were lower than those in the non-vitrified control. In Experiment 2, vitrification solution was supplemented with or without 1% (v/v) SC (SC+ and SC-, respectively). The percentages of survival and blastocyst development were similar between SC+ and SC- groups but lower than those in the non-vitrified control. The percentage of cleavage in the SC- group was significantly lower than the control and the SC+ groups, which were in turn similar to one another. In both experiments, the cell numbers in blastocysts were not significantly different among the non-vitrified and vitrified groups. In conclusion, PEG did not improve oocyte survival and embryo development, whereas SC improved the ability of surviving oocytes to cleave but not to develop into blastocysts.