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OBJECTIVES: We aimed to analyze the epidemiology of childhood unintentional injuries presenting to hospitals in 5 select sites in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (Bangladesh, Colombia, Egypt, Malaysia, and Pakistan). METHODS: We collected standardized data from children ages 0 to 12 years at participating emergency departments (EDs) in 2007. Statistical analyses were conducted to compare the characteristics of these injuries and to explore the determinants of injury outcomes. RESULTS: Among 2686 injured children, falls (50.4%) and road traffic injuries (16.4%) were the most common, affecting boys more often (64.7%). Home injuries were more common among younger children (average 5.41 vs 7.06 years) and girls (38.2% vs 31.7%). Following an ED visit, 24% of injured children were admitted to the hospital, and 6 died. Injury outcomes were associated with risk factors, such as age and sex, to varying extents. CONCLUSIONS: Standardized ED surveillance revealed unintentional injuries are a threat to child health. The majority of events took place inside the home, challenging traditional concepts of children's safety and underscoring the need for intensified context-appropriate injury prevention.

Original publication

DOI

10.2105/AJPH.2013.301607

Type

Journal article

Journal

Am j public health

Publication Date

03/2014

Volume

104

Pages

e79 - e84

Keywords

Accidents, Bangladesh, Child, Child, Preschool, Colombia, Confidence Intervals, Egypt, Female, Hospitals, Urban, Humans, Infant, Logistic Models, Malaysia, Male, Medical Audit, Odds Ratio, Pakistan, Population Surveillance, Risk Factors, Wounds and Injuries