Job Stress in Young Adults is Associated With a Range of Poorer Health Behaviors in the Childhood Determinants of Adult Health (CDAH) Study.
Wang S., Sanderson K., Dwyer T., Venn A., Gall S.
To examine job stress and health behaviors, including their co-occurrence, in Australians aged 31 to 41 year assessed in 2009 to 2011.Cross-sectional analyses using multivariable regression models of the association between the Effort Reward Imbalance (ERI) scale and health behaviors (smoking, alcohol consumption, diet, physical activity, and body mass index [BMI]) both individually and co-occurring (0 to 3 vs 4 to 5 behaviors) were undertaken. Covariates included sociodemographics, personality, and life events.Greater ERI was associated with a significantly lower prevalence of having co-occurring healthy behaviors and poorer diets in both sexes. Higher ERI was also associated greater physical inactivity and sedentary behavior in men and smoking, high alcohol consumption, and more pedometer-measured physical activity in women.Job stress at work was associated with a range of unhealthy behaviors, which may explain the higher chronic disease associated with job stress.