Baseline In Vitro Activities of the Antimalarials Pyronaridine and Methylene Blue against Plasmodium falciparum Isolates from Kenya
Okombo J., Kiara SM., Mwai L., Pole L., Ohuma E., Ochola LI., Nzila A.
ABSTRACT We have analyzed the in vitro activities of pyronaridine and methylene blue against 59 Plasmodium falciparum isolates from Kenya in association with polymorphisms in Pfcrt (codon 76), Pfmdr1 (codon 86), and Pfnhe (full sequence). The median inhibitory concentrations that kill 50% of parasites were 13.5 and 3.3 nM for pyronaridine and methylene blue, respectively. Their activities were not associated with polymorphisms in these genes. The drugs' high in vitro activities indicate that they would be efficacious against Kenyan isolates in vivo .