Biomimetics of photonic nanostructures
Parker AR., Townley HE.
© 2010 Nature Publishing Group, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited and published by World Scientific Publishing Co. under licence. All Rights Reserved. Biomimetics is the extraction of good design from nature. One approach to optical biomimetics focuses on the use of conventional engineering methods to make direct analogues of the refl ectors and anti-refl ectors found in nature. However, recent collaborations between biologists, physicists, engineers, chemists and materials scientists have ventured beyond experiments that merely mimic what happens in nature, leading to a thriving new area of research involving biomimetics through cell culture. In this new approach, the nanoengineering effi ciency of living cells is harnessed and natural organisms such as diatoms and viruses are used to make nanostructures that could have commercial applications.