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A previous study of MHC in cattle trophoblast demonstrated low or absent class I expression, using a broad specificity monoclonal antibody. The study reported here uses MHC-defined cattle and embryo transfer to ensure MHC incompatibility between dam and calf. Transcription and expression of defined class I genes was examined in placentomes taken at term, using monoclonal antibodies to bovine class I, a gene-specific DNA-based typing system, and in situ hybridisation. Results demonstrate intermediate levels of fetal MHC class I mRNA in trophoblast, but no detectable fetal class I protein. This suggests a level of transcriptional down-regulation, and a post-transcriptional block which might involve other gene products, such as beta2-microglobulin (beta 2m), or proteins involved in generation/transport of peptides.


Conference paper

Publication Date





103 - 115


Animals, Cattle, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Genes, MHC Class I, In Situ Hybridization, Lymphocytes, Placenta, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Pregnancy, Transcription, Genetic