Assessment of material radiopurity for Rare Event experiments using Micromegas
Aznar F., Castel J., Cebrián S., Dafni T., Diago A., García JA., Garza JG., Gómez H., González-Díaz D., Herrera DC., Iguaz FJ., Irastorza IG., Luzón G., Mirallas H., Oliván MA., Ortiz De Solórzano A., Pons P., Rodríguez A., Ruiz E., Seguí L., Tomás A., Villar JA.
Micromesh gas amplification structures (Micromegas) can be used as readout of Time Projection Chambers in the field of Rare Event searches dealing with dark matter, double beta decay or solar axions. The topological information of events offered by these gaseous detectors is a very powerful tool for signal identification and background rejection. However, in this kind of experiments the radiopurity of the detector components and surrounding materials must be thoroughly controlled in addition in order to keep the experimental background as low as possible. A screening program based mainly on gamma-ray spectrometry using an ultra-low background HPGe detector in the Canfranc Underground Laboratory is being developed for several years, with the aim to measure the activity levels of materials used in the Micromegas planes and also in other components involved in a plausible experimental set-up: gas vessel, field cage, electronic boards, calibration system or shielding. The techniques and equipment used in these measurements will be described and the main results will be presented and discussed. In particular, first results for the activity of Micromegas readouts of the microbulk type produced at CERN indicate that they are already comparable to the cleanest readout systems in low background experiments and it should be possible to further improve these levels after dedicated development.© 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl.