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BACKGROUND: The Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease (ADVANCE) Study demonstrated that a fixed combination of perindopril and indapamide reduced the risk of major vascular events and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. This Echocardiographic Substudy was designed to determine the effects of this treatment on left ventricular diastolic function and left ventricular mass. METHODS: Five hundred and fifty-five patients entering ADVANCE underwent quantitative echocardiography prior to randomization and after 6 months and 4 years of treatment with perindopril-indapamide or placebo. Main end points were left ventricular diastolic function (ratio of mitral E velocity/early medial mitral annular tissue Doppler velocity, E/Em, and left atrial volume index) and left ventricular mass index. RESULTS: Overall, blood pressure was reduced in the perindopril-indapamide group compared with placebo. E/Em and left atrial volume index both increased over the 4 years. There was no effect of perindopril-indapamide on E/Em, although there was a small attenuation of the increase in left atrial volume index with active treatment. Left ventricular mass index was reduced by 2.7 g/m with active treatment (95% confidence interval -5.0 to -0.1, P = 0.04). CONCLUSION: Compared with placebo, the perindopril-indapamide combination reduced blood pressure and left ventricular mass in patients with diabetes, but did not improve left ventricular diastolic function. Left ventricular diastolic function worsened in both groups over 4 years, despite blood pressure reduction and reduction in left ventricular mass. Improving left ventricular diastolic function remains a challenge in patients with diabetes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/HJH.0b013e3283480fe9

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Hypertens

Publication Date

07/2011

Volume

29

Pages

1439 - 1447

Keywords

Aged, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diastole, Electrocardiography, Female, Heart Ventricles, Humans, Indapamide, Male, Middle Aged, Perindopril, Placebos