Association study between catechol-O-methyltransferase polymorphisms and uterine leiomyomas in a Japanese population.
Morikawa J., Yoshida S., Kennedy S., Takemura N., Sugimoto M., Kitao K., Deguchi M., Ohara N., Maruo T.
PURPOSE: To investigate a possible association between uterine leiomyomas and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) polymorphisms in a Japanese population. METHODS: We compared the allele frequencies and genotype distributions of the exon 4 NlaIII restriction site polymorphism (RSP), the P2 promoter HindIII RSP at -1217, and the exon 6 BglI RSP in the COMT gene in 250 leiomyoma cases and 182 controls using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment-length polymorphism analysis. RESULTS: No significant differences in allele frequencies and genotype distributions of the exon 4 NlaIII RSP, the P2 promoter HindIII RSP at -1217, and the exon 6 BglI RSP were found between uterine leiomyoma cases and controls. Moreover, no associations were noted between these three polymorphisms in COMT genes and leiomyoma size or a family history of uterine leiomyomas. CONCLUSION: COMT gene polymorphisms are unlikely to be associated with an increased risk of uterine leiomyomas in a Japanese population.