Intra-age, intercenter, and intercycle differences in chromosome abnormalities in oocytes.
Munné S., Held KR., Magli CM., Ata B., Wells D., Fragouli E., Baukloh V., Fischer R., Gianaroli L.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of intra-age and intercycle variations in the frequency of first polar body aneuploidy in two consecutive cycles of oocyte retrieval undertaken by the same patient within 1 year. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Fertility centers. PATIENT(S): Infertile couples undergoing IVF. INTERVENTION(S): Patients underwent two consecutive cycles of preimplantation genetic screening through first polar body biopsy within 1 year. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Meiosis I aneuploidy. RESULT(S): A total of 226 patients underwent 452 cycles of preimplantation genetic screening. Differences within age groups were wide, with 0-100% of oocytes being chromosomally normal in all age groups. Euploidy rates between centers were significantly different (48% vs. 25%). Intercycle differences for the same patient were also wide (0-100%), but with 68.5% of patients having less than ±2 euploid eggs of difference between cycles. CONCLUSION(S): Although euploidy rate decreased on average with advancing maternal age, the high intra-age and intercenter variation in oocyte chromosome abnormalities emphasize the difficulty in estimating how many euploid oocytes a specific woman will have. This may have repercussions for fertility preservation where a defined number of eggs are currently frozen just based on maternal age.