Prevalence of agonistic autoantibodies against the angiotensin II type 1 receptor and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 in a gestational age-matched case study.
Herse F., Verlohren S., Wenzel K., Pape J., Muller DN., Modrow S., Wallukat G., Luft FC., Redman CWG., Dechend R.
We showed earlier that activating autoantibodies against the angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor (AT1-AA) circulate in preeclamptic women. They may be involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Protein alignment suggests that the binding site for AT1-AAs is highly homologous to the capsid protein VP2 of parvovirus B19. We performed a prospective, nested, case-control study of 30 gestational age-matched women with preeclampsia and 30 normotensive pregnant women. We measured AT1-AA, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt-1), and serum immunoglobulin G against parvovirus B19 proteins. AT1-AAs were present in 70% of preeclamptic patients and absent in 80% of controls. Prediction by AT1-AA was improved in late-onset preeclampsia. The discrimination for sFlt-1 was 96%. We did not find an interaction between sFlt-1 and AT1-AA. A human monoclonal immunoglobulin G antibody against parvovirus B19 VP2-protein showed a positive reaction in the AT1-AA bioassay, which could be blocked by an AT(1) receptor blocker, as well as by the epitope amino acid sequence. Immunoglobulin G against parvovirus B19 proteins was similarly distributed between preeclamptic patients and controls and had no significant importance. We detected significantly more AT1-AA in women with an immune response corresponding with parvovirus B19 infection corresponding with a distant viral infection associated with virus elimination. We concluded that AT1-AAs were common in patients with preeclampsia in a prospective case-control study, although sFlt-1 was a superior biomarker. AT1-AA may represent a better marker for late disease, whereas sFlt1 is a better marker for early onset disease.