The COVID-19 International Drug Pregnancy Registry (COVID-PR): Protocol Considerations.
Wyszynski DF., Papageorghiou AT., Renz C., Metz TD., Hernández-Díaz S.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Over the past 2 years, several drugs have been approved for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) treatment, but their safety during pregnancy remains poorly understood. This study aims to assess the relative risk of obstetric, neonatal, and infant outcomes associated with the use of drugs specifically indicated for the treatment of COVID-19 compared with other drug treatment strategies. The purpose of this article is to present elements of the study protocol. METHODS: The COVID-19 International Drug Pregnancy Registry (COVID-PR) is a noninterventional, postmarketing cohort study. Pregnant women receiving treatment with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) or antiviral drugs for mild, moderate, or severe COVID-19 are matched 1:1 with pregnant women not receiving these study-specific drugs, based on calendar time, country, gestational age at enrollment, and COVID-19 severity. Participants complete online questionnaires at enrollment, during pregnancy, and for 12 months after delivery of liveborn infants. The study began enrolling participants on 1 December 2021 and is set to span 5 years for each drug of interest. DISCUSSION: The COVID-PR is designed to evaluate the safety profile of each studied drug. Additionally, it may allow for an analysis of the effects of COVID-19 drug exposure during relevant gestational periods on specific neonatal outcomes. Although the sample size will be too small to detect associations with rare outcomes, the study has the potential to generate hypotheses for future research. Ultimately, these data can provide valuable insights for evidence-based decisions about COVID-19 treatment during pregnancy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT05013632. EU PAS EUPAS42517.