The role of the multidisciplinary team in surgical management of intractable tubo-ovarian abscess as a late sequelae of challenging Crohn's disease in the modern era: A case report and review of current literature.
Loganathan S., Smyth SL., Mykula R., Soleymani Majd H.
Chronic, severe Crohn's disease in a young female patient can result in surgical complexity. The rarity of the presentation of intractable pelvic abscesses within this etiology with additional considerations given to fertility concerns and hence requirement for input from a multi-disciplinary team makes this a vital case in building a consensus for evidence-based surgical management. A 29-year-old nulliparous woman was referred to our tertiary centre for surgical management of Crohn's disease with known tubo-ovarian abscess and abdominoperineal and abdominal wall sinuses. Her previous surgical history included 4 midline laparotomies, subtotal colectomy and proctectomy with stoma formation. The patient underwent egg collection to preserve fertility. This was followed by midline laparotomy and abdominoperineal resection, which involved a retrograde radical modified hysterectomy using the Hudson technique, alongside excision of the perineal sinus, with reconstruction of the perineal defect using an internal pudendal artery perforator gluteal fold flap, and in addition to excision and drainage of the abdominal wall abscess. Involvement was sought from gynecological oncology, colorectal, urology, plastics, stoma, fertility, microbiology, and gastroenterology teams, which enabled successful preservation of end organ function and improvement in patient psychological well-being. This case is a paradigm of surgical challenge, requiring expert gynecological oncology techniques including a retroperitoneal approach, nerve and vessel sparing considerations alongside colorectal and urological procedures. Moreover, we believe that our blueprint for effective multi-disciplinary practice will inform the future management of gynecological surgery. Therefore this report aims to contribute towards the optimum management of the gynecological sequelae of Crohn's disease.