Interval Laparoscopic En-Bloc Resection of the Pelvis (L-EnBRP) in patients with stage IIIC-IV ovarian cancer: Description of the technique and surgical outcomes
Tozzi R., Gubbala K., majd HS., Campanile RG.
Objective To describe the technique and evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and morbidity of the Laparoscopic En-Bloc Resection of the Pelvis (L-EnBRP) during Visceral-Peritoneal Debulking (VPD) at time of interval surgery. Methods This report is part of a prospective non randomized study (service evaluation protocol) on the feasibility and safety of laparoscopy in patients with stage IIIC-IV ovarian cancer and gross residual disease following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Primary endpoints of this part of the study were the feasibility (rate of patients in whom the surgery could be completed by laparoscopy), efficacy (rate of patients ended with a complete resection) and morbidity (number of patients that suffered complications specifically associated to the procedure) of L-EnBRP. The results were compared between patients in group 1 (L-EnBRP + L-VPD), group 2 (L-EnBRP + VPD) and group 3 (VPD). Results Eighteen patients were in group 1, 8 in group 2 and 32 in group 3. Feasibility of L-EnBRP was 45% (26 patients out of 58), efficacy was 100% of the pelvic disease (94.4% overall disease) and morbidity was 5.5%. Main cause for conversion to laparotomy was high tumor load on diaphragm and/or mesentery. All but one patient had a complete resection (CR) of the disease. Group 1 patients had significantly earlier hospital discharge, lower blood loss and reduced overall morbidity than group 2 and 3. Conclusion L-EnBRP was feasible in almost half of the patients. In these patients a CR was achieved with a low morbidity rate. The latter was significantly decreased when compared to the patients who had a laparotomy.