Routine first-trimester combined screening for pre-eclampsia: pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A or placental growth factor?
Noël L., Guy GP., Jones S., Forenc K., Buck E., Papageorghiou AT., Thilaganathan B.
OBJECTIVE: To compare the screening performance of serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) vs placental growth factor (PlGF) in routine first-trimester combined screening for pre-eclampsia (PE), small-for-gestational age (SGA) at birth and trisomy 21. METHODS: This was a retrospective study nested in pregnancy cohorts undergoing first-trimester combined screening for PE and trisomy 21 using The Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) algorithm based on maternal characteristics, nuchal translucency thickness, PAPP-A, free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin, blood pressure and uterine artery Doppler. Women at high risk for preterm PE (≥ 1 in 50) received 150 mg of aspirin per day, underwent serial fetal growth scans at 28 and 36 weeks and were offered elective birth from 40 weeks of gestation. PlGF was quantified retrospectively from stored surplus first-trimester serum samples. The performance of combined first-trimester screening for PE and SGA using maternal history, blood pressure, uterine artery pulsatility index and either PAPP-A or PlGF was calculated. Similarly, the performance of combined first-trimester screening for trisomy 21 was calculated using either PAPP-A or PlGF in addition to maternal age, nuchal translucency thickness and free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin. RESULTS: Maternal serum PAPP-A was assayed in 1094 women, including 82 with PE, 111 with SGA (birth weight