Porta hepatis peritonectomy and hepato-celiac lymphadenectomy in patients with stage IIIC-IV ovarian cancer: Diagnostic pathway, surgical technique and outcomes.
Tozzi R., Traill Z., Garruto Campanile R., Ferrari F., Soleymani Majd H., Nieuwstad J., Hardern K., Gubbala K.
OBJECTIVE: To report the surgical technique of ovarian cancer resection at the porta hepatis (PH) and hepato-celiac lymph nodes (HCL). To assess surgical and survival outcomes. Define the accuracy of an integrated diagnostic pathway. METHODS: Patients with FIGO stage IIIC-IV ovarian cancer that underwent Visceral-Peritoneal Debulking (VPD). Data of patients with disease at the PH/HCL during VPD were extracted from our database. The CT scan findings were compared with the exploratory laparoscopy. Accuracy of CT scan, intra- and post-operative morbidity, rate of complete resection (CR), disease free and overall survival are reported. RESULTS: Thirty one patients out of 216 (14.3%) had tumor at the PH and/or HCL. In 8 patients out of 31 (25.8%) it was only found with the aid of the exploratory laparoscopy. CR was achieved in 28 patients out of 31 (90.3%). Pathology confirmed disease in the PH/HCL specimens of all but one patient. Overall morbidity relating to the VPD was 29.2%. No complication was specifically related to the PH/HCL. Median disease free survival was 19months and median overall survival was 42months. CONCLUSION: PH/HCL surgery was required in 15% of patients with FIGO stage IIIC-IV. The surgery was feasible, safe and significantly contributed to CR. CT scan failed to identify the disease in 31% of the patients. CT and laparoscopy correctly identified all patients.