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The application discloses the following biomarkers for GDM (gestational diabetes mellitus): a. higher plasma level of insulin receptor (lR) expression on syncytiotrophoblast extracellular vesicles (STBEV) was observed in the GDM pregnancies compared to normal pregnancy (example of application p. 1 3 ll. 1 4-17). b. higher plasma levels of STBEV expressing Dipeptidyr peptidase rV (DPPIV) were observed in GDM pregnancies compared to normal pregnancies.



Publication Date



Manu Vatish, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom


Diagnostic, Gestational Diabetes, Extracellular Vesicles