Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Aim: To determine the effects of a perindopril-based blood pressure lowering regimen on major cardiac events among hypertensive and non-hypertensive patients with a history of cerebrovascular disease. Methods and results: A total of 6105 individuals with a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack were randomly assigned active treatment (n=3051) or placebo (n=3054). Active treatment comprised the angiotensin-converting -enzyme inhibitor perindopril (4 mg daily), with the addition of the diuretic indapamide at the discretion of treating physicians. Over a mean of 3.9 years of follow-up, active treatment reduced blood pressure by 9/4 mmHg compared with placebo and reduced the primary outcome, stroke, by 28%. Major coronary events occurred in 269 participants (active 3.8%, placebo 5.0%) and heart failure was diagnosed in 264 participants (active 3.7%, placebo 4.9%). Active treatment reduced the risk of major coronary events by 26% (95% CI; 6-42%; p=0.02) and the risk of congestive heart failure by 26% (5-42%; p=0.02). For each of these outcomes, there was no clear evidence of differences between the treatment effects in participants classified as hypertensive or non-hypertensive, and those with or without a history of coronary heart disease. Conclusions: Among individuals with cerebrovascular disease, blood pressure lowering with a regimen involving perindopril and indapamide not only reduced the risk of stroke, but also substantially reduced the risks of cardiac outcomes. © 0 The European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/S0195-668X(02)00804-7

Type

Journal article

Journal

European Heart Journal

Publication Date

01/03/2003

Volume

24

Pages

475 - 484