Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The balance between trophoblast cathepsin and decidual cystatin C expression is pivotal in physiological trophoblast development. Defective trophoblast invasion is characteristic of preeclampsia and may involve derangement of the cathepsin/cystatin C balance. We conducted a prospective nested case-control study of healthy women with singleton pregnancies in the first trimester of pregnancy. Maternal serum cystatin C concentrations in those subsequently developing preeclampsia (n = 30) were compared to controls with normal outcome (n = 90). The median cystatin C concentration in early pregnancy was significantly higher (P = .0001) in those who subsequently developed preeclampsia (median 0.65 mg/L) when compared to normal pregnancy (median 0.57 mg/L). Of the 30 women developing preeclampsia, 14 (47%) had cystatin C above the 80th centile (0.67 mg/L) for the controls. Maternal serum cystatin C concentrations in early pregnancy may be of value in identifying women at high risk of developing preeclampsia.

Original publication




Journal article


Reprod sci

Publication Date





788 - 793


Adult, Biomarkers, Case-Control Studies, Cystatin C, Female, Humans, Pre-Eclampsia, Predictive Value of Tests, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Outcome, Pregnancy Trimester, First, Prospective Studies, Risk Assessment, Up-Regulation, Young Adult